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The Origin of Therawada Buddhism in Vietnam

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dc.contributor.author Rev. Lan, Huynh Kim
dc.date.accessioned 2015-01-16T09:50:15Z
dc.date.available 2015-01-16T09:50:15Z
dc.date.issued 2015-01-16T09:50:15Z
dc.identifier.citation Lan, H.K. (2015). The Origin of Therawada Buddhism in Vietnam. Proceedings of 10th National Conference on Buddhist Studies of Faculty of Humanities and Social Sciences, University of Sri Jayewardenepura, Nugegoda, 73.
dc.identifier.issn 2235 - 901X
dc.identifier.uri http://hdl.handle.net/123456789/1678
dc.description.abstract Introduction: Vietnam is now a predominantly Mahāyāna Buddhist country but with some influences fromTheravāda Buddhism. There are two Theravāda groups in Vietnam, namely Khmer Theravāda Buddhism (KTB) and Vietnamese Theravāda Buddhism (VTB). Both of them study and practice the Pāli-Tipitaka. They are commonly called Theravada Buddhism in Vietnam (TBV) KTB has been practiced since the 3rd B.C during King Asoka’s period. It has since undergone several changes in the Mekong Delta under the Nguyen Court. They harshly forced the Khmer population to abandon the Theravada tradition. It included forcing theTheravāda monks to become Mahāyāna monks. However, they love the TheravādaBuddhism as if it were their own blood and bones. The Khmer temples secretly organized Dhamma classes for monks, although facing serious difficulties. As a result, KTB gradually developed in Vietnam, the Dhamma classes were allowed by the Vietnamese government many years ago; even a Khmer Theravāda Academy for Buddhist Studies was established in 2005. For Vietnamese people, the first opportunity when Vietnamese monks, who were ordained according to the Theravāda tradition in Cambodia, led by the Ven. Ho Tong (Vamsarakkhita), together with the Cambodian Sangharāja, the Ven. ChuonNath (Jotaññāno) and 30 Cambodian Bhikkhus, came to Vietnam to establish the Sīma for the first Vietnamese Theravāda temple in 1939. Since that time, the Vietnamese people have gradually believed in Theravāda Buddhism. Besides this, there was asignificant contribution by Ven. Narada from Sri Lanka in 1930. Hecame to Vietnam and planted young Bodhi trees brought from Sri Lanka in many places around the country. During his subsequent visits in the 1950s and 1960s, he attracted large numbers of Buddhists to the Theravāda tradition. There are now 529 Theravāda temples and 8,919 Theravāda monks in total throughout Vietnam. This clearly proves a large presence of the Theravāda Buddhist sect has been established in a country,which is predominantly of the Mahāyāna Buddhist tradition. en_US
dc.language.iso en en_US
dc.publisher University of Sri Jayewardenepura, Nugegoda.
dc.subject Theravāda Buddhism en_US
dc.subject Mahāyāna en_US
dc.subject Tradition en_US
dc.subject Vietnam en_US
dc.subject Asoka en_US
dc.title The Origin of Therawada Buddhism in Vietnam en_US
dc.type Article en_US
dc.date.published 2015-01-03

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