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Aspergillus Species: An Emerging Pathogen in Onychomycosis among Diabetics

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dc.contributor.author Wijesuriya, T.M.
dc.contributor.author Kottahachchi, J.
dc.contributor.author Gunasekara, T.D.C.P.
dc.contributor.author Bulugahapitiya, U.
dc.contributor.author Ranasinghe, K.N.P.
dc.contributor.author Fernando, S.S.N.
dc.contributor.author Weerasekara, M.M.
dc.date.accessioned 2017-03-20T05:46:07Z
dc.date.available 2017-03-20T05:46:07Z
dc.date.issued 2015-11-04
dc.identifier.citation Wijesuriya, T.M., Kottahachchi, J., Gunasekara, T.D.C.P., Bulugahapitiya, U., Ranasinghe, K.N.P., Fernando, S.S.N., & Weerasekara, M.M. (2015). Aspergillus Species: An Emerging Pathogen in Onychomycosis among Diabetics. Indian Journal of Endocrinology and Metabolism, 19(6), 811-816. doi: 10.4103/2230-8210.167565. en_US, si_LK
dc.identifier.uri http://dr.lib.sjp.ac.lk/handle/123456789/4444
dc.description.abstract Introduction: Approximately, 33% patients with diabetes are afflicted with onychomycosis. In the past, nondermatophyte molds have been regarded as opportunistic pathogens; recently, Aspergillus species are considered as emerging pathogens of toenail infections. In Sri Lanka, the prevalence of Aspergillus species in onychomycosis among diabetics is not well documented. Objective: To determine the proportion of Aspergillus onychomycosis, risk factors and knowledge among diabetics. Materials and Methods: This was descriptive cross-sectional study. Three hundred diabetic patients were included. Clinical examinations of patients' toenails were performed by a clinical microbiologist. Laboratory Identification was done, and pathogens were identified to the species level by morpho-physiological methods. All inferential statistics were tested at P <0.05. Results: Among clinically suspected patients, 85% (255/300) were mycologically confirmed to have onychomycosis. Aspergillus species were most commonly isolated n = 180 (71%) followed by dermatophytes, yeasts, and other molds n = 75 (29%). Of the patients having Aspergillus onychomycosis, 149 (83%) were in the >50 age group. In men, Aspergillus onycomycosis was seen in 82%. Among patients who had Aspergillus nail infection, 114 (63%) had diabetes for a period of >15 years. Among patients who were engaged in agricultural activities, 77% were confirmed to have infected nails due to Aspergillus species. Conclusion: Aspergillus niger was the most common pathogen isolated from toenail infection. Aspergillus species should be considered as an important pathogen in toenail onychomycosis in diabetic patients. Risk factors associated with Aspergillus onychomycosis were age, gender, duration of diabetes, exposure to fungi, and occupation. en_US, si_LK
dc.language.iso en en_US, si_LK
dc.publisher Wolters Kluwer- Medknow en_US, si_LK
dc.subject Aspergillus species en_US, si_LK
dc.subject diabetics en_US, si_LK
dc.subject onychomycosis en_US, si_LK
dc.subject Sri Lanka en_US, si_LK
dc.title Aspergillus Species: An Emerging Pathogen in Onychomycosis among Diabetics en_US, si_LK
dc.type Article en_US, si_LK

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