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The Usage of over the Counter (OTC) Medicines and Traditional Medicines (TMs) for Common Ailments in Selected Urban and Rural Areas in Sri Lanka

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dc.contributor.author Risfa, M.S.
dc.contributor.author Perera, J.A.C.
dc.contributor.author Perera, P.P.R.
dc.date.accessioned 2017-03-24T04:02:32Z
dc.date.available 2017-03-24T04:02:32Z
dc.date.issued 2015
dc.identifier.citation Risfa, M.S., Perera, J.A.C., & Perera, P.P.R. (2015). The Usage of over the Counter (OTC) Medicines and Traditional Medicines (TMs) for Common Ailments in Selected Urban and Rural Areas in Sri Lanka. The Pharmaceutical Journal of Sri Lanka, 5(1), 2-9. en_US, si_LK
dc.identifier.issn 2449-0113
dc.identifier.uri http://dr.lib.sjp.ac.lk/handle/123456789/4546
dc.description.abstract Population-based studies regarding attitudes, knowledge, beliefs and practices of the use of non-prescription medicines and traditional medicines among the general public are rare in Sri Lanka. Public knowledge and understanding influence the pattern of self-medication. It will also provide further insight for the development and evaluation of health education and disease prevention strategies. Thus this study was conducted to investigate the usage of over the counter (OTC) medicines and traditional medicines (TM) for common ailments in a selected urban and rural area in Sri Lanka. This descriptive cross-sectional study was conducted during June and July 2013 at Geli-Oya Muruthagahamula division (rural) and Bahirawakahda (urban) Gramaniladhari areas in Kandy District, Central Province, Sri Lanka. Volunteers (n=400) between 18 - 65 years of age were selected by a random sampling method. An interviewer administered questionnaire was used to collect data from voluntary participants via a face to face interview. Written consent was obtained from participants before interviewing. Healthcare providers were excluded to avoid biased information. Among the 400 participants (200 from each division) 82% had the opinion that self-medication is enough to cure common ailments. Almost half of our respondents (58%) were likely to practice both OTC drugs and TMs but TMs were preferred by many of the people in both areas (61.25%). Younger adults (72%) were using selfmedication more than the elderly people (27.25%). Out of the respondents OTC drugs were preferred more by women and TMs were preferred by men. Accessibility of health care didn’t have an impact on the choice of self-medication. Paracetamol (97.50%) and the herbal preparation Samahan® (56.75%) were the most frequently used OTC drugs and TMs respectively. There was a significant association (p <0.001) between the use of self-medication and the area of study. The gender, age and family incomes showed significant associations with self-medication pattern (OTC drugs and TMs). The ease of handling and administration of OTC drugs is the more frequent reason to choose OTC drugs and main factor influencing the public’s preference of TMs over the OTC drugs is the absence of serious side effects in TMs. The usage of self-medication is widespread among people in both urban and rural areas and self-medication has significant association with the two selected areas. The major factor leading to the use of self-care behavior is patient satisfaction with the selfmedication system. The accessibility of health care services is not a factor that influences the choice of self-medication. en_US, si_LK
dc.language.iso en en_US, si_LK
dc.publisher Pharmaceutical Society of Sri Lanka, Colombo 07 en_US, si_LK
dc.subject Over the counter medicines en_US, si_LK
dc.subject self medication en_US, si_LK
dc.subject traditional medicines en_US, si_LK
dc.title The Usage of over the Counter (OTC) Medicines and Traditional Medicines (TMs) for Common Ailments in Selected Urban and Rural Areas in Sri Lanka en_US, si_LK
dc.type Article en_US, si_LK

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